QCF Unit 5 – 1.2Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse

Posted on May 4, 2011 by

Assesment Criteria: 1.2Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.


Physical Abuse

  • Injuries that are the shape of objects
  • injuries in a variety of stages or injuries that have not received medical attention
  • A person being taken to many different places to receive medical attention
  • Skin infections
  • Dehydration or unexplained weight changes or medication being lost
  • Behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator
  • Change of behaviour

Sexual Abuse

  • Sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy
  • Tears or bruises in genital/anal areas
  • Soreness when sitting
  • Signs that someone is trying to take control of their body image, for example, anorexia, bulimia or self-harm
  • Sexualised behaviour
  • Inappropriately dressed

Emotional Abuse

  • Difficulty gaining access to the adult on their own
  • The adult not getting access to medical care or appointments with other agencies
  • Low self-esteem or lack of confidence and anxiety
  • Increased levels of confusion
  • Increased urinary or faecal incontinence
  • Sleep disturbance
  • The person feeling/acting as if they are being watched all of the time
  • Decreased ability to communicate
  • language being used that is not usual for the service user
  • Deference/submission to the perpetrator


  • Sudden loss of assets
  • Unusual or inappropriate financial transactions
  • Visitors whose visits always coincide with the day a person’s benefits are cashed
  • Insufficient food in the house
  • Bills not being paid
  • A sense that the person is being tolerated in the house due to the income they bring in; sometimes with that person not included in the activities the rest of the family enjoys


  • treating adults like children
  • arbitrary decision making by staff group, service or organisation
  • strict, regimented or inflexible routines or schedules for daily activities such as meal times, bed / awakening times, bathing / washing, going to the toilet
  • lack of choice or options, such as food and drink, dress, possessions, daily activities and social activities
  • lack of privacy, dignity, choice or respect for people as individuals
  • unsafe or unhygienic environment
  • lack of provision for dress, diet or religious observance in accordance with an individual’s belief or cultural background
  • withdrawing people from individually valued community or family contact

Neglect by self or others

  • Malnutrition
  • Rapid or continuous weight loss
  • Not having access to necessary physical aides
  • Inadequate or inappropriate clothing
  • Untreated medical problems
  • Dirty clothing/bedding
  • Lack of personal care

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